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Combination of the Two

Combination of the Two

Matt Mullican
b.1951

Combination of the Two
  • Painted billboard signs
  • 2003
  • 7 m x 7 m
  • 313 Bremner Boulevard, Rogers Centre, Toronto

About the artwork

With Combination of the Two, American artist Matt Mullican’s assemblage of images plastered along a parking lot across from the Rogers Centre, the deception is intentional. His choice to use the “fleeting” medium of a billboard – often seen as junk – is fitting. It’s easy to mistake it for an advertisement juxtaposed against a stadium, which is in the business of selling us commercialized entertainment.

The work is as much for the highway commuter on the Gardiner Expressway as it is for those in the neighbourhood and the throngs of fans filling the stadium, according to Mullican.

Those who are close enough can view a detailed map of the city and the blueprint for the Grand Trunk Railway, while those who are stuck in traffic can attempt to make out the pictographic black-and-white signs. Seeing the signs is almost like trying to decode a manual written in Wingdings font. Sure, the symbols are familiar and somewhat intelligible on their own, but what exactly is it saying?

To the artist, the billboard signs read like a board game in progress – a match of Parchessi or Monopoly. There are also Toronto and Canada specific icons, such as the TTC logo, the AGO sign, and a Raptor.

Mullican has long been fascinated with the use of symbols in his art to create a kind of universal language of his own. And in modern parlance, where emojis reign and can sometimes capture moods better than words themselves, Mullican’s may not be so lost in translation.

About the artist

Matt Mullican is an American contemporary artist, best known for combining performance, drawing, printmaking, sculpture, and video as a means of exploring the subjective through the intersection of communal signage and personal semiotics.

Fun facts

  • Mullican likes to play with the public by creating a contrast between advertising panels and artistic creation shaping Toronto's urban realm. The artist retrospects the meaning of images and graphic content for societies and communities.

Engagement questions

  • Do you think public art has to be functional?
  • Is aesthetic playing an important role in this installation?